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Ray Kurzweil + Peter Diamandis: Disruptive Technologies, Mind-Boggling Predictions and Dangerous Ideas

Join futurist Ray Kurzweil @KurzweilAINews + @PeterDiamandis webinar on mind-boggling predictions: Oct 13 11:30am PT

Peter & Ray will cover transformative, and even “dangerous” ideas that will have wide-sweeping ideas that you don’t want to miss:

  • @billgates calls Ray, “the best person I know at predicting the future of artificial intelligence.”
  •  Ray predicts that computers will achieve human levels of intelligence in all areas by 2029.
  •  As entrepreneurs, we need to think exponentially.

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What Deep Understanding Can Do For Service The major obstacles to the fostering of deep learning are due to its intricacy

Periodically a new modern technology buzzword shows up, to be gotten and also repeated ad infinitum in presentations, pitches, and also posts just like this. From large information to the blockchain, they are hassle-free selling devices, a needed shorthand; yet all frequently our understanding of exactly what they really describe is just skin-deep. And also there are couple of terms a lot more mysterious to the unaware as deep discovering.

The issue is that to utilize these technologies properly, or even develop an approach around them, we have to fully recognize their nature and also their capacities before we begin. The deep knowing market is predicted to grow rapidly in the next couple of years to get to $1.7 billion by 2022, sustained by growing use throughout a variety of sectors. However why is deep discovering anticipated to make such an impact? What exactly is deep discovering, as well as how can it be used in the venture to produce concrete advantages? Keep reading to discover.

Artificial intelligence Vs Deep Learning

First off, let’s be clear precisely what we’re discussing. Machine learning is a field of artificial intelligence that makes it possible for computers to learn without being clearly set, just from the information we supply it with. Plainly, a formula which could improve its performance without human treatment is extremely powerful, and those device finding out formulas are presently made use of for a whole series of applications, from arranging your e-mails to identifying tweets associated with environmental catastrophes.

One sort of machine learning algorithm makes use of semantic networks, artificial neurons that are linked with each other and also organized into layers. A neural network is created to classify information in a comparable way to the human mind, deciding and predictions regarding the data it receives together with a degree of possibility. Based upon whether those choices as well as forecasts became appropriate or otherwise, formulas modify links in the network, enhancing the category efficiency.

Deep understanding is a type of artificial intelligence which utilizes large semantic networks with many ordered layers, thus the ‘deep’ in the name – actually deep discovering is commonly referred to in the clinical area as ‘deep semantic networks’. Neither the principle neither a lot of the formulas are brand-new, yet the execution of deep discovering has just lately become practical. Not only does it require large amounts of information to carry out well, yet semantic networks are likewise very computationally pricey, so it was just the arrival of huge information in addition to improvements in processing power that made it feasible.

Advantages of Deep Discovering

Various sorts of artificial intelligence algorithm have their own strengths and also weaknesses, however in general, they stand out at pattern acknowledgment, bring about several helpful applications such as computer vision as well as all-natural language handling. Till just recently, nevertheless, artificial intelligence algorithms required training information to be labeled – i.e. photos of canines had to be labeled ‘pet’ so that the formula knew whether or not it had actually classified the photo correctly. This is known as ‘monitored understanding’, and while it is rapid and doesn’t require way too much processing power, manually identifying the information ahead of time is taxing and also costly.

Yet since deep semantic networks employ several layers of discovering, they are able to classify objects or words without being informed if their previous classifications were correct. They determine increasingly more comprehensive features at each layer, and each layer gains from the one before it. This automatic encoding of features, without identified data, is referred to as ‘without supervision understanding’, and it is essential – the capability to use disorganized training information is of terrific benefit in real-world applications due to the fact that there is now a huge amount of available training data around. Unsupervised knowing can be accomplished without semantic networks, however notably, it is this architecture which presently produces the best performance for a lot of options, as well as could additionally be adjusted to different remedies fairly conveniently. For instance, ‘deep convolutional semantic networks’ do extremely well in visual acknowledgment jobs because they could capitalize on exactly how information is spatially situated.

Current Applications

While the industrial application of deep knowing is not yet extensive, all of the significant modern technology business recognize its prospective and are spending heavily. You might have seen exactly how speech acknowledgment as well as translation solutions have actually improved considerably in the last couple of years, and also this is down to the application of deep understanding. Picture recognition technology has been upgraded as well as included into photo management software program, and Google has actually also included all-natural language generation right into the mix, demonstrating the capacity to immediately include subtitles to photos. Actually, at its developer conference last week, the business released a new product called Google Lens which, thanks to picture acknowledgment innovation, will enable individuals to search for info merely by pointing their electronic camera at something.

As well as it’s not just the heavyweights that are obtaining in on the act. As an example, It’s the same Labs has developed a discovery system to identify items, business logos and also customer view in social networks photos, which helps brand names to assess their visibility as well as reach. The start-up Indico offers similar solutions together with real-time message evaluation as you kind, aiding companies to promote their brands better. On a different note, with the increase in cybercrime business likewise need to do whatever they can to shield themselves from online dangers, and also the cybersecurity professionals at Deep Instinct utilize deep learning to anticipate, spot and also avoid those hazards.

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Nokia 7 is ‘design-led’ phone – that you’ll probably never be able to buy

The Nokia 7 has been launched to fuse design with high-end camera features – but you’ll probably never get your hands on it.

That’s because it’s only going to appear in the Chinese market as it stands, as it’s been targeted for the Asian region.

That explains why the Nokia 7 is running a mid-range Qualcomm Snapdragon 630 chipset with up to 6GB of RAM, which is an odd pairing but common in Asian handsets.

However, the Nokia 7 is about style first, with the brand calling it a ‘design-led’ handset – and with an aluminum body and 3D curved glass edges, it’s easy to see why that’s the case.

A long time coming

We first reported on the Nokia 7 back in March of this year, so it’s taken a while to get to market – however, with the rebirth of Nokia from HMD Global only just underway, it’s clear the brand is launching things one step at a time.

The Nokia 7 packs in the much-pushed ‘bothie’ feature from the Nokia 8, allowing you to take pictures and video at the same time using the rear 16MP f/1.8 and front-facing 5MP f/2,0 snappers on the device.

The Nokia 7 also makes use of Carl Zeiss lenses, as well as using OZO technology to provide clear, 360-degree sound recording. That’s on top of a 5.2-inch Full HD display, which isn’t the highest-spec on the market but will do for a phone of this size.

The phone is packing in a 3,000 mAh battery, and will be upgradeable to Android Oreo when it lands later this year or the beginning of next.

The most impressive thing about the Nokia 7 is the price, coming in at ¥2,499 (around £285 / $370 / AU$480). Whether it makes it out of China or not is yet to be seen, but you can pre-order the phone from today, with the Nokia 7 release date set for 24 October.

  • We expect the Nokia 6 to feature in our best phone deals of Black Friday

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AlphaGo Zero trains itself to be most powerful Go player in the world

(credit: DeepMind)

Deep Mind has just announced AlphaGo Zero, an evolution of AlphaGo, the first computer program to defeat a world champion at the ancient Chinese game of Go. Zero is even more powerful and is now arguably the strongest Go player in history, according to the company.

While previous versions of AlphaGo initially trained on thousands of human amateur and professional games to learn how to play Go, AlphaGo Zero skips this step. It learns to play from scratch, simply by playing games against itself, starting from completely random play.

(credit: DeepMind)

It surpassed Alpha Lee in 3 days, then surpassed human level of play, defeating the previously published champion-defeating version of AlphaGo by 100 games to 0 in just 40 days.

The achievement is described in the journal Nature today (Oct. 18, 2017)

DeepMind | AlphaGo Zero: Starting from scratch


Abstract of Mastering the game of Go without human knowledge

A long-standing goal of artificial intelligence is an algorithm that learns, tabula rasa, superhuman proficiency in challenging domains. Recently, AlphaGo became the first program to defeat a world champion in the game of Go. The tree search in AlphaGo evaluated positions and selected moves using deep neural networks. These neural networks were trained by supervised learning from human expert moves, and by reinforcement learning from self-play. Here we introduce an algorithm based solely on reinforcement learning, without human data, guidance or domain knowledge beyond game rules. AlphaGo becomes its own teacher: a neural network is trained to predict AlphaGo’s own move selections and also the winner of AlphaGo’s games. This neural network improves the strength of the tree search, resulting in higher quality move selection and stronger self-play in the next iteration. Starting tabula rasa, our new program AlphaGo Zero achieved superhuman performance, winning 100–0 against the previously published, champion-defeating AlphaGo.

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This ultra-cute tiny PS4 controller is a great option for children and the small-handed

 If you like playing console games with the younger generation, you may have come across the issue of their tiny hands being unable to perform certain combos, reach certain buttons easily, and so on. While this makes them satisfying opponents, it might be better if they had a controller more suited to their physiology. Well, good thing there is one! Read More

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Aussie NBN delays are causing record number of complaints, says TIO

Oh dear. Shortly after NBN Co released a statement promising that it’d focus on NBN customers who have been left behind, the beleaguered network has found itself under fire once again thanks to the annual report from the Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman (TIO)… and boy is it grim.

There are plenty of overwhelming stats in the report when it comes to complaints about internet service, but the crux of it is that they’ve risen quite dramatically across the board. While the overall number of complaints to the Ombudsman regarding telecommunications has been declining steadily for the past five years (by roughly 14% each year), 2016-17 saw a spike of over 41%, most of which can be attributed to the NBN, which itself saw a 160% increase since last year.

Of the issues raised to the Ombudsman, customer service accounts for almost half of all complaints, and when it comes specifically to the NBN, these complaints were most often the result of delays in new internet connections or a completely unusable service.

Complaining about complaints

The Australian Communications Consumer Action Network (ACCAN) has made its concerns about the new network known in a public statement, condemning the customer service performance of both internet providers and NBN Co itself, urging “all providers to lift their game and act to immediately improve customer services and the consumer experience”.

ACCAN has suggested the solution to this issue (other than NBN Co and providers getting their act together) is improved community safeguards around the expected performance of services and a much-needed revision to the Customer Service Guarantee (CSG), which hasn’t been updated to include internet connections at all.

In response to the figures, NBN Co has released its own statement that mostly dodges the accusation and (surprise, surprise) shifts some more blame onto the retail service providers, while simultaneously pointing out how difficult and large the project really is. 

CEO Bill Morrow said in the statement that less than 15% of the complaints to the TIO actually end up reaching NBN Co, but that the company is still taking the issue very seriously.

  • Think you might have something to complain about yourself? Here’s how to test your NBN speed.

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Scientists report first detection of gravitational waves produced by colliding neutron stars

Astronomers detect gravitational waves and a gamma-ray burst from two colliding neutron stars. (credit: National Science Foundation/LIGO/Sonoma State University/A. Simonnet)

Scientists reported today (Oct. 16, 2017) the first simultaneous detection of both gravitational waves and light — an astounding collision of two neutron stars.

The discovery was made nearly simultaneously by three gravitational-wave detectors, followed by observations by some 70 ground- and space-based light observatories.

Neutron stars are the smallest, densest stars known to exist and are formed when massive stars explode in supernovas.

MIT | Neutron Stars Collide

As these neutron stars spiraled together, they emitted gravitational waves that were detectable for about 100 seconds. When they collided, a flash of light in the form of gamma rays was emitted and seen on Earth about two seconds after the gravitational waves. In the days and weeks following the smashup, other forms of light, or electromagnetic radiation — including X-ray, ultraviolet, optical, infrared, and radio waves — were detected.

The stars were estimated to be in a range from around 1.1 to 1.6 times the mass of the sun, in the mass range of neutron stars. A neutron star is about 20 kilometers, or 12 miles, in diameter and is so dense that a teaspoon of neutron star material has a mass of about a billion tons.

The initial gamma-ray measurements, combined with the gravitational-wave detection, provide confirmation for Einstein’s general theory of relativity, which predicts that gravitational waves should travel at the speed of light. The observations also reveal signatures of recently synthesized material, including gold and platinum, solving a decades-long mystery of where about half of all elements heavier than iron are produced.

Georgia Tech | The Collision of Two Neutron Stars (audible frequencies start at ~25 seconds)

“This detection has genuinely opened the doors to a new way of doing astrophysics,” said Laura Cadonati, professor of physics at Georgia Tech and deputy spokesperson for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration. I expect it will be remembered as one of the most studied astrophysical events in history.”

In the weeks and months ahead, telescopes around the world will continue to observe the afterglow of the neutron star merger and gather further evidence about various stages of the merger, its interaction with its surroundings, and the processes that produce the heaviest elements in the universe.

The research was published today in Physical Review Letters and in an open-access paper in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

Timeline

KurzweilAI has assembled this timeline of the observations from various reports:

  • About 130 million years ago: Two neutron stars are in their final moments of orbiting each other, separated only by about 300 kilometers (200 miles) and gathering speed while closing the distance between them. As the stars spiral faster and closer together, they stretch and distort the surrounding space-time, giving off energy in the form of powerful gravitational waves, before smashing into each other. At the moment of collision, the bulk of the two neutron stars merge into one ultradense object, emitting a “fireball” of gamma rays.
  • Aug. 17, 2017, 1241:04 ET: Virgo detector in Pisa, Italy picks up a new strong “chirp” gravitational wave signal, designated GW170817. The LIGO detector in Livingston, Louisiana detects the signal just 22 milliseconds later, then the twin LIGO detector in Hanford, Washington, 3 milliseconds after that. Based on the signal duration (about 100 minutes) and the signal frequencies, scientists at the three facilities conclude it’s likely from neutron stars — not from more massive black holes (as in the previously three gravitational wave detections). And based on the signal strengths and timing between the three detectors, scientists are able to precisely  triangulate the position in the sky.  (The most precise gravitational-wave detection so far.)
  •  1.7 seconds later: NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope and the European INTEGRAL satellite detect a gamma-ray burst (GRB) lasting nearly 2 seconds from the same general direction of sky. Both the Fermi and LIGO teams quickly alert astronomers around the world to search for an afterglow.
  • Hours later: Armed with these precise coordinates, a handful of observatories around the world starts searching the region of the sky where the signal was thought to originate. A new point of light, resembling a new star, is found by optical telescopes first. Known as a “kilonova,” it’s a phenomenon by which the material that is left over from the neutron star collision, which glows with light, is blown out of the immediate region and far out into space.
  • Days and weeks following: About 70 observatories on the ground and in space observe the event at various longer wavelengths (starting at gamma and then X-ray, ultraviolet, optical, infrared, and ending up at radio wave frequencies).
  •  In the weeks and months ahead: Telescopes around the world will continue to observe the radio-wave afterglow of the neutron star merger and gather further evidence about various stages of the merger, its interaction with its surroundings, and the processes that produce the heaviest elements in the universe.

“Multimessenger” astronomy

Caltech’s David H. Reitze, executive director of the LIGO Laboratory puts the observations in context: “This detection opens the window of a long-awaited ‘multimessenger’ astronomy. It’s the first time that we’ve observed a cataclysmic astrophysical event in both gravitational waves and electromagnetic waves — our cosmic messengers. Gravitational-wave astronomy offers new opportunities to understand the properties of neutron stars in ways that just can’t be achieved with electromagnetic astronomy alone.”

caltech | Variety of Gravitational Waves and a Chirp (audible sound for GW170817 starts ~30 seconds)

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Google Lens on Pixel 2 still has a long way to go

 The reveal of Google Lens at I/O was one of the most exciting moments of the conference, with the tool promising to be a new type of visual browser identifying the world around users and giving them easy access to a web of information and context. I’ve taken a look at a beta of Lens on the Pixel 2 XL and it’s clear that we’re a long way from realizing its true utility. Read More

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